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雅思阅读解题技巧-理解文章大意

2019-05-21 11:24:14 | 编辑: 无 | 有196人参与 | 来自: 匿名

  阅读理解首先是对文章主旨和大意的理解,它是全文的概括与总结,能否抓住这个中心,就能体现考生是否具备总结、概括利归纳事物的能力。下面我们就来说说雅思阅读解题技巧之理解文章大意的技巧。


  1.延伸拓展

  理解文章大意的一个最重要的技能就是能够延伸拓展。这个技巧适用于任何一种阅读。在你享受阅读或获取信息时,对于文章细节的记忆可能并不重要,但你需要迅速了解作者所要传达的信息,即文章的中心思想。

  2.问

  为了理解文章大意,你应该问自己“段落中最常见的句子是什么?”“句与句子之间有什么联系?”“作者持有什么观点?”。

  3.文章主要思想

  关注文章的主要思想。记住,不要过分关注段落细节,你只需要确定文章的大意,指出哪个选项最能表达作者的主要意图。




  例题:

  At the University of Kansas, investigators tested the effects of different coloured walls ontwo groups of visitors to an exhibit of paintings. For the first group, the room was painteawhite; for the second, dark brown. Movement of each group was followed by an electrical syatem under the carpet. The expriment revealed that those who enered the dark brown romwalked more quckly. covered more area, and spent less time in the toom than the peoplec imnthe white environment. Dark brown siulated more aciviy but the acivity ended soner.Not only the choice of colours but also the general apparace of a room comunicates andinfuences those inside. Another experiment presented subjects with photographs of faces thatwere to be rated in terms of energy and ell-eing. Three groups of subjects were used; eachwas shown the same photos, but each group was in a diferent kind of room. One group was inan ugly room that resembled a messy storeroom. Another group was in an average room a niceofice. The third group was in a tastcfully designed living room with carpeting and drapes.Results showed that the subjcets in the beautiful room tended to give higher ratings to thefaces than did those in the ugly room. Other studies suggcst that students do better on teststaken in comfortable, attractive rooms than in ordinary looking or ugly rooms.

  Select the statement which best cxpresses the main idea of the paragraph.

  A People in beautiful rooms tend to give highcr ratings to photographs of faccs than people in ugly rooms.

  B The colour and gencral appcarance of a room infuencc the behaviour and atitudeis of the people in it.

  c The University of Kansas has studied the efe of the colour of a room on peple's behaviour.

  D Bcauifully decraed,a Hghored rooms make peoplc more comotabl thanugys dark rooms.

  [答案] B

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