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九套历年雅思阅读真题精选

2017-06-05 11:58:25 | 编辑: admin | 有758人参与 | 来自: 环球雅思

  历年雅思阅读真题精选9套,包括详细的题目、题型以及解析,全方位的帮助考生了解历年雅思阅读考试题型,轻松掌握做题技巧。历年雅思阅读真题想要下载或者是保存的同学赶紧看过来,精彩之处不在别处在此处!环球雅思

  历年雅思阅读真题1:

  The eruption in May 1980 of Mount St. Helens, Washington State, astounded the world with

  its violence. A gigantic explosion tore much of the volcano's summit to fragments; the energy

  released was equal to that of 500 of the nuclear bombs that destroyed Hiroshima in 1945.

  历年雅思阅读真题2:

  The event occurred along the boundary of two of the moving plates that make up the Earth's

  crust. They meet at the junction of the North American continent and the Pacific Ocean. One

  edge of the continental North American plate over-rides the oceanic Juan de Fuca micro-plate,

  producing the volcanic Cascade range that includes Mounts Baker, Rainier and Hood, and Lassen

  Peak as well as Mount St. Helens.

  历年雅思阅读真题3:

  Until Mount St. Helens began to stir, only Mount Baker and Lassen Peak had shown signs of

  life during the 20th century. According to geological evidence found by the United States

  Geological Survey, there had been two major eruptions of Mount St. Helens in the recent

  (geologically speaking)past: around 1900 B.C., and about A.D. 1500. Since the arrival of

  Europeans in the region, it had experienced a single period of spasmodic activity, between 1831

  and 1857. Then, for more than a century, Mount St. Helens lay dormant.

  历年雅思阅读真题4:

  By 1979, the Geological Survey, alerted by signs of renewed activity, had been monitoring

  the volcano for 18 months. It warned the local population against being deceived by the

  mountain's outward calm, and forecast that an eruption would take place before the end of the

  century. The inhabitants of the area did not have to wait that long. On March 27, 1980,a few

  clouds of smoke formed above the summit , and slight tremors were felt. On the 28th, larger and

  darker clouds,. consisting of gas and ashes,. emerged and climbed as high as 20,000 feet. In April

  a slight lull ensued, but the volcanologists remained pessimistic. The, in early May, the northern

  flank of the mountain bulged, and the summit rose by 500 feet.

  历年雅思阅读真题5:

  Steps were taken to evacuate the population. Most- campers, hikers, timbercuttersleft the

  slopes of the mountain. Eighty-four-year-old Harry Truman, a holiday lodge owner who had lived

  there for more than 50 years, refused to be evacuated, in spite of official and public, including an

  entire class of school children, wrote to him, begging him to leave. He never did.

  历年雅思阅读真题6:

  On May 18, at 8.32 in the morning, Mount St. Helens blew its top. literally. Suddenly, it was

  1300 feet shorter than it had been before its growth had begun. Over half a cubic mile of rock had

  disintegrated . At the same moment, an earthquake with an intensity of 5 on the Richter scale was

  recorded. It triggered an avalanche of snow and ice. mixed with hot rock-the entire north face of

  the mountain had fallen away. A wave of scorching volcanic gas and rock fragments shot

  horizontally from the volcano's riven flank, at an inescapable 200 miles per hour. As the sliding

  ice and snow melted, it touched off devastating torrents of mud and debris, which destroyed all

  life in their path. Pulverised, which destroyed all life in their path. Pulverised rock climbed as a

  dust cloud into the atmosphere. Finally, viscous lava, accompanied by burning clouds of ash and

  gas, welled out of volcano's new crater, and from lesser vents and cracks in its flanks.

  历年雅思阅读真题7:

  Afterwards, scientists were able to analyse the sequence of events. First, magmamolten

  rock-at temperatures above 2000oF. had surged into the volcano from the Earth's mantle. The

  build-up was accompanied by an accumulation of gas, which increased as the mass of magma

  grew. It was the pressure inside the mountain that made it swell. Next, the rise in gas pressure

  caused a violent decompression. Which ejected the shattered summit like a cork from a shaken

  soda bottle. With the summit gone, the molten rock within was released in a jet of gas and

  fragmented magma, and lava welled from the crater.

  历年雅思阅读真题8:

  The effects of the Mount St. Helens eruption were catastrophic. Almost all the trees of the

  surrounding forest, mainly Douglas firs. were flattened. and their branches and bark ripped off by

  the shock wave of the explosion. Ash and mud spread over nearly 200 square miles of country. All

  the towns and settlements in the area were smothered in an even coating of ash. Volcanic ash silted

  up the Columbia River 35 miles away, reducing the debris that accumulated at the foot of the

  volcano reached a depth. in places, of 200 feet.

  历年雅思阅读真题9:

  The eruption of Mount St. Helens was one of the most closely observed and analysed in

  history. Because geologists had been expecting the event, they were able to amass vast amounts of

  technical data when it happened. Study of atmospheric particles formed as a result of the

  explosion showed that droplets of sulphuric acid, acting as a screen between the Sun and the

  Earth's surface, caused a distinct drop in temperature. There is no doubt that the activity of Mount

  St. Helens and other volcanoes since 1980 has influenced our climate . Even so, it has been

  calculated that the quantity of dust ejected by Mount St. Helens - a quarter of a cubic mile- was

  negligible in comparison with that thrown out by earlier eruptions, such as that of Mount Katmai

  in Alaska in 1912 (three cubic miles). The volcano is still active. Lava domes have formed inside

  the new crater, and have periodically burst. The threat of Mount St Helens lives on.

  .Questions 1 and 2

  Answer questions 1 and 2 by writing the appropriate letter A-I inboxes 1 and 2 on your answer

  sheet.

  Example Answer

  Which paragraph compares the eruption to the energy A

  released by nuclear bomb?

  1. Which paragraph describes the evacuation of the mountain?

  2. Which paragraph describes the moment of the explosion of Mount St. Helens?

  Questions 3 and 4

  3. What are the dates of the TWO major eruptions of Mount St. Helens before 1980?

  Write TWO dates in box 3 on your answer sheet.

  4 How do scientists know that the volcano exploded around the two dates above?

  Using NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS , write your answer in box 4 on your answer

  sheet

  Questions 5-8

  Complete the summary of events below leading up to the eruption of Mount St. Helens. Choose

  NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS from the passage for each answer.

  Write your answers in boxes 5-8 on your answer sheet.

  In 1979 the Geological Survey warned ... (5) ... to expect a violent eruption before the end of the

  century. The forecast was soon proved accurate. At the end of March there were tremors and

  clouds formed above the mountain. This was followed by a lull, but in early May the top of the

  mountain rose by ... (6)... . People were ...(7) ... from around the mountain. Finally, on May 18th

  at ...(8) ..., Mount St. Helens exploded.

  Question 9 and 10

  Complete the table below giving evidence for the power of the Mount St. Helens eruption.

  Write your answers in boxes 9 and 10 on your answer sheet.

  Item Equivalent to

  Example

  The energy released by the explosion of

  Mount St. Helens

  Answer

  500 nuclear bombs

  The area of land covered in mud or ash ...(9)...

  The quantity of dust ejected ...(10)...

  Question 11

  Choose the appropriate letter A-D and write it in box 11 one your answer sheet.

  11. According to the text the eruption of Mount St. Helens and other volcanoes has influenced our

  climate by ...

  A increasing the amount of rainfall.

  B heating the atmosphere.

  C cooling the air temperature.

  D causing atmospheric storms.

  雅思阅读是雅思考试中一个显著的特点,就是题型比较多样化,所以掌握历年雅思阅读真题就很有必要,可以帮助大家了解出题规律掌握做题技巧。

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