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2015年6月13日雅思阅读机经

2015-06-16 10:27:42 | 编辑: 无 | 有660人参与 | 来自: 匿名

2015年6月13日雅思考试笔试已经结束,环球教育名师为大家带来2015年6月13日雅思阅读机经, 希望能对考生们未来的考试有帮助。

2015 年 6 月 13 日雅思阅读机经考题回忆
——来自环球教育教研中心&环球教育宁波学校
Passage
One
新旧情况题材题目题型及数量
V20130521农业类

Sweet
Trouble–Australia
sugarcane
industry
人名配对 4 个
判断题 6 个
选择题 3 个
文章大意澳大利亚甘蔗 sugarcane
部分答案       配对题
甘蔗对环境的影响没有那么大了。
甘蔗对环境的影响没有别的农作物严重。
判断题
种甘蔗的成本和卖出的收益差不多。 True
放弃种甘蔗的人去城市里了。 NG
在甘蔗行业里,用甘蔗用作能源是将来的房展方向。 False
选择题
因为经济危机的影响, 所以不种甘蔗了。
某个农民一直没有放弃种甘蔗 (题目顺序可能有误,答案仅供参考。 )
Passage
Two
新旧情况题材题目题型及数量
V20131109气候类European Heat
Wave
判断题 6 个
简单题 2 个
摘要填空 5 个
选择题 1 个
文章大意       2003 年 6 月以来,欧洲许多国家和地区持续炎热和干旱,意大利气温比以往同
期高出 6-10 度;瑞士气温创 200 年来最高,意大利北部/法国南部地区遭受了
50 年甚至百年以来的重大旱灾。高温干旱致使河流、水位下降、航运受阻、农
作物面临减产等,损失严重,虽然各地出现异常高温的具体原因不尽相同,但总
体上看应与全球变暖有一定关系。
European Heat Wave
A It was the summer, scientists now realize, when felt. We knew that summer
2003 was remarkable: global warming at last made itself unmistakably Britain
experienced its record high temperature and continental Europe saw forest
fires raging out of control, great rivers drying of a trickle and thousands of heat
related deaths. But just how remarkable is only now becoming clean.
B The three months of June, July and August were the warmest ever recorded
in western and central Europe, with record national highs in Portugal, Germany
and Switzerland as well as Britain. And they were the warmest by a very long
way Over a great rectangular block of the earth stretching from west of Paris to
northern Italy, taking in Switzerland and southern Germany, the average
temperature for the summer months was 3.78℃ above the long-term norm,
said the Climatic Research Unit (CRU) of the University of East Anglia in
Norwich, which is one of the world’s lending institutions for the monitoring and analysis of temperature records.
C That excess might not seem a lot until you are aware of the context-but then
you realise it is enormous. There is nothing like this in previous data,
anywhere. It is considered so exceptional that Professor Phil Jones, the CRU’s
director, is prepared to say openly-in a way few scientists have done before
that the 2003 extreme may be directly attributed, not to natural climate
variability, but to global warming caused by human actions.
D Meteorologists have hitherto contented themselves with the formula that
recent high temperatures are consistent with predictions” of climate change.
For the great block of the map-that stretching between 35-50N and 0-20E-the
CRU has reliable temperature records dating back to 1781. Using as a
baseline the average summer temperature recorded between 1961 andl990,
departures from the temperature norm, or “anomalies’: over the area as a
whole can easily be plotted. As the graph shows, such is the variability of our
climate that over the past 200 years, there have been at least half a dozen
anomalies, in terms of excess temperature-the peaks on the graph denoting
very hot years approaching, or even exceeding, 20 ℃ . But there has been
nothing remotely like 2003, when the anomaly is nearly four degrees.
E “This is quite remarkable,” Professor Jones told The Independent. “It’s very
unusual in a statistical sense. If this series had a normal statistical distribution,
you wouldn’t get this number. There turn period “how often it could be expected
to recur” would be something like one in a thou-sand years. If we look at an
excess above the average of nearly four degrees, then perhaps
nearly three degrees of that is natural variability, because we’ve seen that in past summers. But the final degree of it is likely to be due to global warming,
caused by human actions.
F The summer of 2003 has, in a sense, been one that climate scientists have
long been expecting. Until now, the warming has been manifesting itself mainly
in winters that have been less cold than in summers that have been much
hotter. Last week, the United Nations predicted that winters were warming so
quickly that winter sports would die out in Europe’s lower-level ski resorts. But
sooner or later the unprecedented hot summer was bound to come, and this
year it did.
G One of the most dramatic features of the summer was the hot nights,
especially in the first half of August. In Paris, the temperature never dropped
below 230 ℃ (73.40 ℉ ) at all between 7 and 14August, and the city
recorded its warmest-ever night on 11-12 August, when the mercury did not
drop below 25.50 ℃ (77.90 ℉ ). Germany recorded its warmest-ever night at
Weinbiet in the Rhine valley with a lowest figure of 27.60℃ (80.60 ℉ ) on 13
August, and similar record-breaking nighttime temperatures were recorded in
Switzerland and Italy.
H The 15,000 excess deaths in France during August, compared with previous
years, have been related to the high night-time temperatures. The number
gradually increased during the first 12days of the month, peaking at about
2,000 per day on the night of 12-13 August, then fell off dramatically after 14
August when the minimum temperatures fell by about 50C. The elderly were
most affected, with a 70 per cent increase in mortality rate in those aged 75-94.
I For Britain, the year as a whole is likely to be the warmest ever recorded, but
despite the high temperature record on 10 August, the summer itself defined as
the June, July and August period-still comes behind 1976 and 1995, when
there were longer periods of intense heat. At the moment, the year is on course
to be the third-hottest ever in the global temperature record, which goes back
to 1856, behind 1998 and 2002 but when all the records for October,
November and December are collated, it might move into second place,
Professor Jones said. The 10 hottest years in the record have all now occurred
since 1990. Professor Jones is in no doubt about the astonishing nature of
European summer of 2003.”The temperatures recorded were out of all
proportion to the previous record,” he said. “It was the warmest summer in the
past 500 years and probably way beyond that It was enormously exceptional.”
J His colleagues at the University of East Anglia’s Tyndall Centre for Climate
Change Research are now planning a special study of it. “It was a summer that
has not: been experienced before, either in terms of the temperature extremes
that were reached, or the range and diversity of the impacts of the extreme
heat,” said the centre’s executive director, Professor Mike Hulme. “It will
certainly have left its mark on a number of countries, as to how they think and
plan for climate change in the future, much as the 2000 floods have
revolutionised the way the Government is thinking about flooding in the
UK.“ The 2003 heat wave will have similar repercussions across Europe.”
Questions 14-19
Do the following statements agree with the information given in Reading
Passage 2?
In boxes 14-19 on your answer sheet, write T/F/NG
14 The average summer temperature in 2003 is approximately four degrees
higher than that of the past.
15 Jones believes the temperature statistic is within the normal range.
16 Human factor is one of the reasons that caused hot summer.
17 In large city, people usually measure temperature twice a day.
18 Global warming has obvious effect of warmer winter instead of hotter
summer before 2003.
19 New ski resorts are to be built on a high-altitude spot.
Questions 20-21
Answer the questions below using NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS
AND/OR NUMBERS from the passage for each answer. Write your answers in
boxes 20-21 on your answer sheet.
20 What are the two hottest years in Britain besides 2003?
21 What will affect UK government policies besides climate change according
to Hulme?
Questions 22-26
Complete the summary below using NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS from the
passage. Write your answers in boxes 22-26 On your answer sheet.
In the summer of 2003, thousands of extra death occurred in the country of
22………… . Moreover, world-widely, the third record of hottest summer date
from 23……………. , after the year of 24………… . According to Jones, all the
10 hottest years happened from 25………… . However, summer of 2003 was
at the peak of previous 26…………. years, perhaps even more.
Question 27
Choose the correct letter A, B, C or D
Write your answer in box 27 on your answer sheet
27 Which one can be best served as the title of this passage in the following
options?
A Global Warming effect
B Global Warming in Europe
C The Effects of hot temperature
D Hottest summer in Europe
部分答案参考答案:
14 True
15 False
16 True
17 Not given
18 True
19 Not given
20 1976 and 1995
21 2000 floods
22 France,
23 1856,
24 1998 and 2002,
25 1990,
26 500
27 D
Passage
Three
新旧情况题材题目题型及数量
V20130525医疗健康类Medical Package
Design

配对题 4 个
摘要选择题 5 个
选择题 4 个
文章大意药品包装
部分答案配对题( 机构名称或人对药品包装的看法)
药品设计应该针对家庭用途 Child prevention 的一些特殊设计并没有减少药品误食的情况
针对盲人设计的瓶子会影响到正常人的使用
一些药品的设计需要考虑老年人的力量问题
摘要选择题
非处方药(over-the-counter)的设计: 一开始由不太专业的人设计。 有了
初步认识之后,交给 marketing team 设计, 其中 several designs 是有 engineering group 设计的,最终 test on customers。
处方药( prescription-only)是由 in-company designer 设计的, 后来是
professional team 设计的。
选择题
发生了一起医疗事故,发生的原因是?
D.印刷的时候,有两个长得太像, 药品拿错了。
把药品上的黑白印刷会使人们怎么样?
C.会使人们更注意文字的内容
最后一段里的两个单词在文中是什么意思?
C. 让人们在买药的时候注意一些事情 (题目顺序可能有误,答案仅供参考。 )

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